Better Barbeques

Big Green Egg shaped barbecue in a field

Our estate had its third Streetfeast this year. A great event spearheaded by two civic-minded neighbours.  Streetfeast is a nationwide initiative to encourage neighbours to share food and time with one another once a year, normally in June. In our estate residents lend their barbeques for communal cooking of food donated by the local supermarket, Supervalu, while others lend marquees, chairs, tables and bunting. Everyone is encouraged to bring some food to eat and to share and this year the quality of the food on offer was spectacular, from quinoa salad to lemon cheesecake! I had to go for a wee food nap in the middle of the event just to help the old digestive system.

Streetfeast is a great example of the share economy working at it’s best and I think it’s a great way for neighbours to get to know one another better. At our Streetfeast all the tableware was disposable, which was all put into the same un-segregated bin after use. I always think it’s interesting that people who probably go to great lengths to recycle at home don’t continue these efforts at events like this. In previous years I had suggested that residents could bring their own waste home, this went down like a lead balloon and so for now I think one resident takes responsibility for disposing of the black bags of waste after the event at their own expense. Our family were able to avoid all of the disposables by bringing our own reusable plates, cutlery and cups and the only waste we generated was compostable, which we brought home to put in our own brown bin. I was very pleased to see that there were no balloons used this year and that the bunting was being reused from last year. A few of use from the Zero Waste Facebook group had emailed the organisers of Streetfeast to suggest they leave balloons out of the organisers pack. Maybe they listened!

Whether you’re having a communal party or an intimate gathering, with a bit of forward planning it’s possible to green any summer barbecue.

Sustainable BBQs. It goes without saying that disposable bbq sets are a no-no if you’re trying to be sustainable so if you’re going to invest in a reusable bbq set-up, what is more sustainable?  The debate about whether to cook with gas or charcoal is as old as Methuselah. Charcoal enthusiastic can’t imagine cooking with anything else and gas barbeques see their choice as far superior, but which is more sustainable?

In a 2009 study conducted by Eric Johnson, an environmental consultant based in Switzerland, concluded that the grilling footprint of charcoal is almost three times as large as that for LPG, with charcoal producing 6.7 kg of CO2 each grilling session, while in comparison LPG produces only 2.3 kg. The results boil down to the fact that LPG is more efficient than charcoal in its production, and also more efficient as a fuel for cooking. The research estimates that an average grilling session using charcoal is equivalent to driving a standard passenger car 35 km. For LPG, this falls to 13 km. I’m not sure if this conclusion would be altered by the discover this year that methane emissions from gas fields are 60% more than previously expected.

Whatever type of barbecue you buy aim to get one with a lifetime guarantee like the Big Green Egg Charcoal Barbecue, (see image above) as this is more likely to be better built and long-lasting.

Pieces of lump charcoal

If you already have a charcoal barbecue and don’t intend to switch then bear in mind that most charcoal briquettes (pillow shaped) available in stores are a combination of lighter fluid, sawdust and wood by-products, a binder such as starch, and other random additives and some contain borax, mineral carbon and limestone (to turn the ashes white). In addition to heat and smoke these briquettes release volatile organic compounds (VOCs) that may cause cancer and other diseases. Lump charcoal is a chemical-free alternative to charcoal briquettes and is available to buy in Ireland. Most of it has been imported from far off places like South Africa, adding to it’s carbon footprint.  A much more sustainable option is to buy locally grown and made lump charcoal from companies such as;

  • Irish Artisan Charcoal Company who offer charcoal sourced and made in Ireland. All of their timber is locally sourced from sustainably managed woodlands, close to their setup, in County Limerick.
  • Biochar Ireland‘ s Lough Derg Charcoal is made from locally sourced timber within the environs of Lough Derg. The company also state
  • The Oxford Charcoal Company in the UK make lump charcoal from 100% British trees from certified sustainable woodlands.
  • Marienburg in Latvia make organic charcoal from alder or oak that I have seen on sale in my local Supervalu store.

We’ve given up burger buns in our house. Instead we buy individual round rolls in Lidl or Tesco in our own bag. Not only do these have a more natural taste and texture they’re more filling than the air-like burger buns we’re used to.

Personally I’m not a huge fan of bbqs because it’s often just a huge meat-feast with little in the way of fruit and veg. Considering that the production of meat, particularly red meat, is a huge contributor to climate change don’t forget to balance out the fare with fruit and veg and some vegetarian / vegan meat alternatives, such as the Linda McCarthy range, which just come in cardboard boxes. Or if you fancy making your own vegan burgers Jamie Oliver has a great recipe that is relatively quick and doesn’t require any expensive, hard-to-get ingredients.

Gifts.  There’s nothing worse than working hard to avoid plastic only to have it descend on you in the form of gifts. We typically ask guests to either bring some homemade food in reusable containers or a bottle of wine in lieu of flowers or shop bought food. Alternatively you could turn your event into a fundraiser and invite people to donate to a cause close to your heart in lieu of a present. A win, win all round.

Ban Balloons. These bad boys are terribly polluting, lasting for decades after use and the credibility of the biodegradable ones are suspect in my opinion. Call me sceptical but if something isn’t independently certified or I don’t know the maker / seller directly I just don’t trust what I’m told. Also helium is in finite supply and is running out and personally I’d much rather keep it for medicinal use than waste it on a bit of party frippery.

Tin Can Laterns

Decorations. I looooove party decorations, so much so I’d call it a bit of an obsession. It’s completely unsustainable to buy new decorations for each and every party so I reuse my paper ones instead. This means not buying themed decorations and opting for well-made generic ones that suit a variety of events and can be reused year after year. You can find fabulous fabric bunting on sale on Etsy. I’ve pinned my favourite decorating idea of outdoor parties on Pinterest, click on the link to see them. I love these DIY tin can laterns by Elise Engh Studios.

If you do want to theme your event how about renting props instead of buying them. It’s not cheap but it’ll set your event apart from the others. One such prop hire companies is Prop Me Up who organise their props by theme. I particularly love their Alice in Wonderful themed props.

Ban Straws. This is a no-brainer. Don’t let the blighters make an appearance if you can avoid it but if you feel you need them for some guests, offer reusable metal or glass ones or paper ones instead. As always with zero waste buy the biggest box you’re going to need to reduce packaging.

bamboo plates

Ditch Disposable Tableware. Aim to use real crockery and cutlery instead of disposables if you can. If you don’t have enough at home consider borrowing from friends and family or hiring it from companies like Select Hire or Cater Hire.

If real crockery isn’t a runner consider borrowing reusable plastic tableware from friends and family. Or if you’re at the start of your ‘party career’ maybe it’d be worth investing in some reusable plastic tableware. You might even be able to buy them with friends or family, cutting down on expense and waste even further.

If you can’t avoid disposable then consider compostable cups and un-coated paper plates and when buying try to buy the largest packet available to limit packaging. For something a little bit more up-market you can get compostable paper plateware from Klee Paper in Dublin 8 or palm leaf and sugarcane tableware from Down to Earth or Zeus Packaging.  Just be sure to explain to your guests that cups and plates should go into the brown bin and not the recycling bin.

Limit Napkins. Some zero wasters use cloth napkins instead of paper ones and it might be worth investing in some organic cotton, linen or hemp ones if you intend on having quite a few parties. If paper napkins are more your scene then just avoid leaving a large stack out. Research has found that large quantities of anything encourage waste so by limiting what’s on view you’ll limit what’s used.

Popcorn in brown paper cones

Non-plastic Nibbles. I love crisps but hate that they only come in non-recyclable foil-lined plastic bags. Although not quite as lip-smacking as MSG coated potato crisps or tortillas, home-popped popcorn is a great low-waste alternative, particularly if you buy it packaged free from market stalls like Bring your Own, Bare Necessities or Minimal Grocery. I love this serving suggestion from French Country Cottage. You can have it straight with just salt, or sugar, or both, or dress it up with Parmesan cheese, truffle oil or chilli flakes. Personally I like to pour homemade caramel over it to make sweet popcorn.

Another options is to get loose nuts and dried fruit from these market stalls or Nutty Delights in Georges St Arcade, D2 or in some Holland and Barrett stores. My friend makes the most delicious salted almonds for parties, they’re to die for. I’ve been enthusiastically informed that homemade kale crisps are divine so maybe these are worth a go too!

Avoiding Food Packaging. It’s easy enough to buy unpackaged fruit, veg and bread if you’re willing to spend the time seeking it out, but meat can take a bit trickier. I’ve been buying meat in my own container for over a year now and I’ve never been refused. Some staff members are savvy enough to know how to TARE the scales (set it to zero) with your container on it, but if they don’t I let them weigh my item on a sheet of butcher paper or in a plastic bag and then take it into my own container without the packaging. I know this isn’t ideal as I’m generating waste by buying it but it’s a case of the least bad option.

Protect Food without Cling Film. If you’re laying out food self-service style it’s a good idea to protect it from little critters. A few years ago I invested in some reusable food cover umbrellas and they work brilliantly. If you don’t have such a thing there’s no need to reach for the cling film, just pop a plate over the bowl of salad or an upturned bowl or tea towel over the plate of bread rolls and you’re good to go.

Avoid Food Waste. It’s so easy to over-buy or over-provide so to avoid this buy reserve food that you know can be frozen if it’s not needed. Also to avoid having too much perishable food left over get some compostable disposable containers so guests can take an excess home. I like the paper lunch bags from Irish company Walsh Packaging, which you can get in most supermarkets in Ireland and the companies mentioned above that offer compostable tableware typically do compostable cardboard takeaway containers.

Provide separate bins. At parties I frequently see everything put into the same bin meaning everything ends up in landfill. To avoid this provide as many bins as you have waste streams and label them accordingly. For example in our house we have compostable waste (food, napkins, compostable tableware), dry recyclables (paper and some plastic) and glass, and then the landfill bin for everything else. I’m a waste nerd and so relish the opportunity to educate (annoy) guests about waste, explaining what goes into which bin and why.

Row of Belvoir Cordials

Plastic-free Drinks. I keep reading that wine corks are compostable and yet we find 5/ 6/ 7 year old corks in our compost heap annually! Perhaps they do break down in commercial composters. Of course natural corks are a much better alternative to plastic corks but it’s impossible to tell which bottle has which until you open it. Plus the foil cover on corked bottles is not recyclable in Ireland anymore, so I prefer to buy my wine with a screw top. That way i can avoid all non-recyclable packaging.

After many years of (excruciating) research I’ve found two affordable organic wines on sale locally. The first is a red Tempranillo by Clearly Organic in Supervalu, which sells at €8.50. The second is a white wine called Cuvee Flor Natural Blanco in the Organic Supermarket for €10.50. The Organic Supermarket also does a very pleasant organic Prosecco for €14.95, which has a natural cork held in place by string.

Beer cans are recyclable but tend to be wrapped in plastic or come with a plastic ring. We’ve sourced loose cans of Perlenbacher beer in Lidl, which my husband thinks is the best flavour for the price. If you think your guest will poo-poo a Lidl branded beer than consider glass bottled or canned beer sold in cardboard boxes. If you can, buy 500ml bottles instead of 330ml ones as this will result in less packaging overall. Alternatively you could contact a local brewery and organise a returnable keg a beer for the party.

As far as I can tell fizzy drinks can only be bought in plastic bottles and if you need to have Coke Cola or 7-Up then it’s going to be impossible to avoid the plastic they come in. If you’re guest aren’t going to be hung up on a brand perhaps you could make your own fruit-infused water or simply mix tap water cordial bought in glass bottles. There are a few high-end cordial brands on the market now and readily available in most Supervalu stores, such as Longford based Richmount Cordials and Waterford based Naturally Cordial or the UK brand Belvoir offer a few organic options.

Richmount Cordials only source pesticide and chemical-free elderflowers locally, use cardboard packaging that is FSC certified, source bottles, caps and labels from companies who are committed to environmental protection, harvest rainwater, measure energy usage, and plant native trees to encourage biodiversity. The only slight negative might be their support for local hunts as shown on their Facebook page.

If fizzy drinks are an essential then another option might be to borrow a soda syphon or soda maker for the event. The air comes in recyclable and sometimes refillable canisters. From my research it seems that soda syphon don’t generate the same level of fizz as soda maker so bear this in mind when choosing.

Enjoy your sustainable summer soiree.

E

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Beauty Kitchen Invisible Mineral Sunscreen – Review

tube of sunscreen sitting amongst in purple flowers

When I was researching my Sustainable Summer post I spotted this product at half-price on the Holland and Barrett website. We already had sunscreen at home but I needed something that was less sticky, suitable for putting on the face and small enough to fit in my handbag. At its reduce price I figured this was worth giving a go.

I bought this via the Holland and Barrett website and having picked the ‘delivery to store’ option I stupidly thought that this might mean I could pick it off their shelves package free. No such luck. The item was delivered to the store in a cardboard box filled with compostable packing peanuts.

The makers of this product, Beauty Kitchen, are based in Scotland and aim to make 100% effective, natural and affordable products with naturally derived ingredients and 100% pure essential oils. Their products are cruelty-free and some are labelled ‘vegan friendly’ including something they call ‘seahorse plankton’ face cream.  You can buy directly from their website or, as I mentioned above, Holland and Barrett stores.

This 5-star broad-spectrum sunscreen uses the inorganic chemical zinc oxide to provide a physical block to UVA and UVB rays on the skin, similar to how white paint reflects light that hits it. The manufacturers say that it is 100% natural, fragrance free, non-nano, biodegradable and safe for coral reefs and other ecosystems. I’ve read mixed opinions on the risk of nano minerals in sunscreen products but in a preliminary study last year, large quantities of nano-particles of titanium dioxide was shown to cause genetic damage in mice and some environmental organisations are linking it to coral reef damage. If you want to read more about sustainable sunscreen, both chemical and physical, check out my Sustainable Summer post.

Does it work? Well, yes. It is very pleasant to use, but it may not suit everyone so here’s the pros and cons on it.

Pro’s

  • Spreads very easily
  • A little goes a long way meaning that the small tube you get will last much longer than you think.
  • Has a mild pleasant smell.
  • Suitable for sensitive skin, i.e. none of my family have had reactions to it when they would have reacted to others.
  • Made nearby, in Scotland
  • Easily available, via Holland and Barrett stores nationwide.

 

Cons

  • It is in no way invisible and leaves a white-ish hue to the skin after application. I counteracted this with some powder foundation over it but my kids looked positively ghostly with it on.
  • It’s packaging is not currently recyclable in Ireland.
  • The price. I bought my tube for €7, which was very reasonable. I’m not sure I’d pay the €14.99 that it’s at currently.

All in all this is a decent product for use under foundation but I wouldn’t use it as a standalone product unless you’re going for the Goth look, which is fair enough given the fact that it’s advertised as a primer for under foundation.

E

PS – This time in previous years I posted my verdict on driving an electric car and a compilation of Sustainable Ethical Swimwear Brands for Women

 

 

Sustainable Summer Crafts for Kids

colourful bath bombs tied with string.

At 12pm today schools will be out for the year, thank God. Eight weeks of hassle-free living stretches before us, and not before time. Now to fill that time. We’ve already written a summer bucket list of things to do by September and I’ve booked the kids into a camp during July, just to break the boredom a little. Other than that we’ll organise day trips here and there and fill our days at home with crafting and unstructured play.

Last Sunday I did a Sustainable Crafts for Kids workshop at the Zero Waste Festival in Dublin. During the workshop I had a chance to introduce children to some of my favourite sustainable kids crafts. Although it might sound sacrilegious to bin your kids artwork you invariable have to cull some from time to time or you’d drown in it and one of my pet peeves is the non-recyclable end result you often get with traditional kids crafts. Take one sheet of recyclable paper, glue on some pieces of recyclable plastic and what have you got? An unrecyclable masterpiece.

So the crafts I focus on are fully compostable and recyclable when complete, and because plastic can only be recycled 3-5 times and so always ends up in landfill or incineration, I avoid it completely. Here my top 5 sustainable kids crafts to keep your little critters entertained this summer.

My daughter loves bath bombs but most of them contain nasty chemicals so I found a recipe for non-toxic homemade bath bombs from brit.co (see photo above). If you’re sensitive to citric acid you can use this alternative recipe from Red Ted Art

colourful paper kites

This bird kite by Krokotak is simple to make and is completely compostable if you use jute or cotton string.

joining two packing peanuts

Compostable packing peanuts have started to replace Styrofoam versions in recent years. These dissolve completely in water and can be put in your brown bin or on your compost heap. By wetting the peanuts with a bit of water you can form a bond between two peanuts giving you endless sculpture possibilities. Check out this blog post by All for the Boys for more info

This paper craft for movable animals can be made with simple card and if you use a paper straw and paper tape is completely compostable.

finger knitted snakes

Not having knitting needles doesn’t mean you can’t knit. Check out these cool finger-knitted snakes by Red Ted Art. If you use cotton or bamboo and paper eyes it’ll be compostable too!

My kids love puppetry, if yours do too try these sweet Paper Fold Animal Puppets featured on Craft Factory’s Youtube channel.

pulled string art

Kids love novel things, which can be hard to find in a globalised world where everything feels like it’s been seen and done before, which is why I love this pulled string painting technique. It’s not something that I have come across before and even better, all you need is some thread, string or yarn and paint or ink to create stunning results.

box with toilet roll inserts glued to it

And if all of those craft ideas seem just a little too involved stick some toilet roll inserts into a shallow cardboard box and bingo you’ve got your own compostable ball maze. Photo is taken from the awesome Frugal Fun 4 Boys and Girls. I love this website. Check it out for some fantastic ideas for all ages.

I’ve pinned some extra eco craft ideas for kids in Pinterest, click on the link to check them out.

For information on eco-friendly craft materials check out this post on zero waste craft supplies from Little Green Lives very useful. She talks about her efforts to use less toxic materials and gives recipes for homemade playdough, glue and paint.

E

PS – This time in other years I posted about brands that sell sustainable ethical nightwear and summer activities to do with kids

Creating an Ornamental Garden; Early Summer Colour

orange geum flowers

It’s been a depressing week this week. Lots of awful political games being played with children’s lives and Ireland is ranked second last in Europe for tackling climate change. So my go to activity for weeks like this is to spend time looking at pretty flowers that beautify our world and help feed the pollinating insects and beautify our world. This week I’m listing my favourite easy-to-grow plants for early summer colour.

Geums (see photo above) are a very versatile plant in the garden because they come in a wide range of colours. Thankfully they’re also unattractive to slugs, a bit plus in my garden. Most are semi-evergreen and love moist soil, so it’s a good idea to put compost in the bottom of the hole when planting them. You’re advised to plant them in partial shade, as the foliage can scorch in full sun but I have some happily growing in full sun. Some geums throw up tall flower spikes that need staking, while other forms are lower growing and as such need no support.  The flowering time depends on the type you buy, some give a blaze of colour early on and then a second one in late summer. Others flower through-out mid-summer. I’d advise asking in garden centres, or checking out your neighbours gardens! All types will benefit from regular dead-heading. I’ve also heard that you can make a version of ‘hot’ chocolate from the root of geum rivale!

purple flowers

Alium (Ornamental Onions) are great for adding a shot of colour and drama into an early summer border. The purple drumstick varieties are probably best know but the white drumstick versions are very striking too, planted in groups of 3 or 5 or just dotted throughout the border. Deciding he best alium is very subjective, my favourite purple alium is Purple Rain because it’s less dense than other varieties, but you prefer purer geometry check out Purple Gian or Globemaster. Aliums don’t just come with round flower heads, there is the stunning honey garlic alium with its pendulent pink / green bells and alium Shubertii that looks like a firework in mid-fire. Aliums prefer full sun, but will tolerate partial shade albeit with more foliage growth. Don’t worry if you see the leaves wilting as the flower spike emerges, this is normal. When planting in Autumn in well draining soil, plant the bulb slightly deeper than stated as this helps prevent them from flopping over when in flower. If you’re soil isn’t free draining just put some grit at the bottom of the planting hole to prevent the bulb from sitting in water and rotting.

blue bell shaped flowers

Campanula (Bell Flower). I absolutely adore this long-flowering plant, which comes in such a wide variety of forms and colours. Most types are slug resistant, particularly if grown by reputable nurseries. That said I have lost a few to those pesky molluscs so check before you buy and keep an eye on them for a few weeks. They are typically bought in blue but you can also find them in white, pink and purple too.  Campanulas like full sun in well-drained soil. The only care this plant really needs is deadheading as flowers go over and some varieties may need their tall flower spikes staked. When buying make sure you get a perennial version, i.e. one that comes back year after year.

white and purple iris flowers

I used to think Bearded Irises were slug resistant but having invested in two new varieties this year I’ve discovered this not to be true. I’m still including them in my list because I think that if you’ve an area in your garden that you can protect from slugs these plants are so worth growing for their flamboyant flowers and easy care. Apart from a bit of deadheading and leaf tidying all you need to do with these plants is to ensure that their rhizomes get the full sun so they can build up the energy for next year’s flowers. Whatever you do don’t cover the rhizomes with soil when planting or allow them to be shaded by other plants over the summer. I always feel gardens with bearded irises just look more professional than those without. Maybe I’m biased!

shrub with pink leaves

Most gardens need shrubs to give structure and one of my favourites is the pieris. These like acidic soil but will grow very well in neutral soil too, but with a mulch of ericaceous soil in the Autumn.  These plants keep their leave all year round but really come into their own at this time of year when their new foliage takes on a pink or red hue, depending on the variety. They do also flower but the flowers are secondary to the new foliage, which can be bleached by strong sun so locate in partial shade if possible. Some varieties of pieris are quite compact and form dense shrubs but the waterfall variety is much looser and to my mind more attractive. You can also get dwarf varieties of pieris but standard shrubs are the norm in garden centres and if left unpruned can grow into the size of a small tree over a long, long time.

shrub with pink flowers

Azaleas are from the rhodendendrum family and are truly spectacular when in flower. They are fully hardy but do need to be planted in a sheltered spot or the flower buds will be damaged by frost. They prefer acidic soil and so need a mulch of ericaceous soil in the Autumn if you don’t have it naturally. If the leaves are yellowing a bit during the year just sprinkle a bit of Sulphate of Iron around the base of the plant and water it in. Also if you’re having a particularly dry Autumn I would water them otherwise they can have trouble setting flowers for the following year. It’s also worth deadheading to ensure a fabulous flower display year on year.

orange leaved plant

Heucheras are not grown for their flowers, although they do have some, they’re grown more for their foliage which can be any shade of pink, orange, red, green, purple or combination of the four. This plant is hardy and will come through the winter as long as it doesn’t sit in water so I’d advise putting compost or some grit in the bottom of the planting hole to avoid this happening. In my experience varieties with softer leaves are less hardy than other forms so if in doubt go for variety with glossy leaves. After winter these plants can look a bit bedraggled but by the end of spring the new leaves are beginning to sprout and before you know it they’ll cover over any old growth and the whole plant will look radiant. These plants are particularly good as backdrops with flowering plants and offer the opportunity to create stunning colour combinations.

carpet of white flowers

Snow in Summer is beautiful low growing relative of the carnation. It flowers all summer long and it’s combination of silver leaves and white daisy style flowers is a real crowd pleaser. Best of all you can practically ignore it and it’ll thrive. Being a native of Italy it loves full sun but will tolerate partial shade. It’s very drought tolerant and really only needs watering in the driest of spells. It’s also hardy in Ireland and so doesn’t need ant protection in winter. Being low growing is can provide shelter to the dreaded slug, but on the upside though you know where to find them!

cluster of white daisy style flowers

Another clump forming plant that gives delivers eye-catching display is the hardy osteospermum (African Daisy). You’ll get away with these in partial shade but if you really want lots of flowers then plant them in full sun. Having a mat-forming growth habit it’s a plant that’s great for suppressing weeds, but like snow in summer, this also means it can provide shelter for slugs. Some garden centres label non-hardy African daises as osteospermums, which is a mislabelling so double-check hardiness before you buy. Also if you’re prone to hay fever these, or any other daisy, might not be ideal as they tend to be higher in pollen.

pink roses

Wake up and smell the roses! I found roses quite hard to grow without chemicals in my north-facing back garden so I gifted them to people with better growing conditions. I now only have one stunning ruby-red patio rose on my front porch and it’s completely free of all disease. It’s a case of right plant, right location and now I’m back in love with roses. I know disease resistant varieties are available but they are just that, disease resistant, not disease proof and so it’s always better to prevent a problem rather than treat it.  The main issue with roses is their need for ventilation, if they don’t get it they’ll invariably succumb to black spot. Modern borders tend to fit plants cheek by jowl, which really doesn’t suit roses at all. They prefer to stand alone so if you want a rose in your garden make it a centre piece and place it in full sun in rich moisture retentive soil. And with roses coming in a variety of forms including; dwarf, shrub, standard (lollipop shape), rambling, climbing and ground covering, there’s sure to be one to fit all locations. There are also roses that provide new flowers as previous ones fade over the entire summer or ones that flower all at once creating an abundance of flowers and fragrance.

E

PS – This time in previous years I posted a recipe for homemade pizza and ideas for planet positive gifts for teachers.

 

 

Sustainable Shaving for Mother Nature’s Son

The band the beatles shaving

In recognition of the impending celebration of Fathers Day this weekend I’ve roped my husband into writing this week’s post. I hope you’re a Beatles fan because, inspired by a recent trip to Abbey Road, he’s peppered his post with song titles by the fab four! See how many you can spot. (Tip: there are 23 in the entire post!)

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